The Cepia Club Blog

The Cepia Club Blog: The Cepia Club believes individual awareness and activism can lead to a peaceful and prosperous world. This blog contains the pertinent literature, both creative and non-fiction, produced by the Cepiaclub Director and its associates.

Wednesday, April 24, 2024

Review of— ter Maat, Mike, ed. A Gold New Deal: Teh Government We Will Tolerate.


Review Essay

By Tim Krenz

April 6, 2024

Review of—

ter Maat, Mike, ed. A Gold New Deal: Teh Government We Will Tolerate. (No data on publishing information).

What does the editor and these authors mean by “a Gold New Deal?” Why do they present this book of eclectic essays as “the government we will tolerate?” The answers come from the collector/editor of the book, Mike ter Maat, and himself the author of the particular essay entitled, “A Gold New Deal.”

How the essays succeed depend on the reader’s understanding of two very important realities of American politics today. First, where does the United States find itself heading under the corruption and absolute power held by the relative few who currently control almost 350 million America lives? Second, how can the country break the hold of those few by embracing a Gold New Deal, and then move forward to more freedom for people?

As a candidate for United States President in 2024, Mike ter Maat takes the central role in the book’s most important contribution. His essay incorporates the name from his campaign theme, “A Gold New Deal,” and he presents a clear and literate statement of what he thinks can help restore the country, by his policy statements mostly in the essay, and some by those of his contributors.

Ironically, readers will recall the New Deal in American history, promised by Franklin D. Roosevelt in the 1932 national elections. No matter what a person thinks of FDR and his program, that President in the 1930s radically changed the social and political power relationships in the United States, away from a heritage of localism, away from family-centric households, and away from benevolent societies, like churches. Whether or not necessary, FDR’s New Deal stopped a revolution, and a counter-revolution, and realigned American politics for a century, creating the individual’s dependency under a central Federal government.

To overturn that dependency ter Maat and friends present an insightful outline of how a Libertarian Presidency can transform the country. The Gold New Deal, if ter Maat succeeds, would reserve the poles of power, realigning a central government on a balance that unequally favors both people and the individual states where they live.

All of the essay contributors help point the direction the country can take under a libertarian philosophy of life and maintenance, with or without any government involvement. The essay “Medical Freedom,” by Irene Mavrakakis, states the obvious need for a government—all and any government—to stay far away from the personal healthcare decisions of humans, and to stay out of the private relationship of informed choices and consents between a patient and her or his medical advisor. Mavrakakis also clearly spells out a need far past its necessary time to implement, that of the separation of science and the state, in order for the most objectivity of science to avoid the corruption of the government and its subjective manipulations.

Other critical essays in A Gold New Deal include “The Age of Meritocracy: Bitcoin is NOT Democratic,” by Alexander Svetski, which describes a new era of political-economy possibler by the development of cryptocurrencies. Joel Extine, in “Our Abusive Relationship with Government,” sets forth the ethical examination of how government subjectively creates the fear and oppression complex, from which arises the slavish submissions among intimidated and rather co-dependent citizens. Extine’s ethical objective analysis of the need to make better decisions for ourselves, by protecting the rights of all to change the abusive coercion of government, provides convincing, intelligent and “smart ammunition for a peaceful struggle for freedom, on the inside and outside everyone.

All of these Libertarian essays reinforce Mike ter Maat’s central theme—of the collection, of his own essay, and of his hopes for the Presidency. In the country, mired in corruption, and ruled by an elite few over the many multitudes, a Libertarian administration can provide new political relationships of power. These new relationships build in favor of the many and away from the few. The new relationships proposed by the ter Maat’s Gold New Deal promise to devolve powers, firstly to the people, and then to the local and state governments closest to them. How well this can succeed will depend on those multitudes willing to listen to his message of A Gold New Deal. The messenger has proven his willingness to advocate for them, in turn.

A Gold New Deal, like the book says, offers a radical change as significant in 2024 as it proved in 1932, but for the opposite reasons. In 1932, FDR’s New Deal inaugurated the Federal government’s primacy and purpose to expand its own reach and power to shape life in America, and eventually in the post-depression/post-war world. A Gold New Deal promises to undo that, in favor of a balance of constitutional limits, as conceived and devised, to separate and preserve powers between the central government, the states as partners, and ultimately to the judgment and discretion of the people individually. Empowering the people’s latent desire for freedom from coercive and ruinous government by the few opens the vistas of a peaceful future.

As a whole, A Gold New Deal: The Government We Will Tolerate brings these half-vignettes and half-platforms of Libertarians to a format that promotes a candidate with a vision, one more complete and more whole than voters usually hear or read. The book forms a starting of the “why, when, where, how, and what” of Mike ter Maat’s campaign for United States President in 2024. As the “Who,” Mike ter Maat as editor, essayist and candidate presents his case AS the reason that voters should cast their ballots for him, and for the “best deal,” a Gold New Deal, that Americans might get for freedom in a world that needs a new start.

Tuesday, March 19, 2024

Season's Song: For Katie & Marius


For Katie & Marius for their wedding, on March 17, 2024

Season’s Song

by Pi Kielty, p.h.

Here we start,

this season spring;

when fruit trees bloom

with platinum rings

Sunshine parks

we walk along;

holding hands

in summer’s warm throngs

In fall months,

when leaves pop bright;

we take ease

in our rainfall nights

Comes winter.

The Earth gone round;

our new time

to watch snowfall sounds

Hope’s seasons--

unending long.


to our season’s songs

Hope’s for time,

our seasons go,

every day

from our blooms to snow

Wedding day!!

To start this feast,

Our seasons—

Love, bless them all, please.

We do.”

[REPEAT ALL] “We do….”

Wednesday, October 11, 2023

Cepiaclub’s Statement on the Israeli-Hamas War of 2023


The Cepia Club LLC

Copyright © 2023 The Cepia Club LLC

October 11, 2023

Cepiaclub’s Statement on the Israeli-Hamas War of 2023

As both a business and an organization of like-minded people, all devoted to world peace and prosperity, we look with horror on the events taking place in and around the State of Israel and the territories of Palestine, particularly that of Gaza. While the elements of the state of war that now exist all predate the recent and current events, it has myriad causes, harmful influences, and the conflicts of rights and interests for everyone it involves.

The Cepia Club LLC and Cepiaclub denounce the initiation of force and violence—in any form—by any nation or group or individual, in order to solve political, economic, social, or cultural differences.

Our groups believe in the dignity of the individual to protect themselves and their families and friends, and to have sole and undivided self-ownership of their personal opinions, bodies, properties, and to “the bread of their own labor.” In order to own these rights, and the sacred responsibilities for them, people must remain free from the threat or use of force by anyone who would cause them harm or steal these fruits of life from them.

We work so that each person everywhere may enjoy and pursue their happiness, free from the ageless sources of conflict, those human demons of fear and greed: Causes for war upon others or by others.

In the world of human liberty and freedom we hope to build as a movement and philosophy for life, we believe war comes more often and becomes more deadly as political leaders militarize foreign and defense policies. As a result of the misuses of power by the powerful, war has become profitable for the few who make most of the decisions. The insanity of war and escalation, and of reprisal and retribution, must all come to an end. If not, humanity will destroy itself.

The Cepia Club LLC and Cepiaclub ask people everywhere to work with us using positive, tolerant, spirited, and peaceful measures to help us build a world where liberty and freedom thrive without war and its corruption of the human soul.

May we achieve the universal dream:

Peace on Earth; Goodwill toward All.

Thank you,

Tim Krenz

Owner, The Cepia Club LLC; & Director, Cepiaclub

Tuesday, September 12, 2023

Pi Kielty’s Mandates for the Youth


Pi Kielty’s Mandates for the Youth

By Pi Kietly,

p.h., 2023

Dear Young People,

Please, take these mandates seriously, and consider using them in your journey in this existence. I learned them, too late, and I always learned them the hard, bitter way; sometimes even sadly, or in tragedy. I hope they help you to grow up and become a happier person, no matter what.

Mandate One: Take educating yourself seriously. Learn as much as you can, do it always, and in any way possible. Stay teachable. Absorb wisdom from the lessons of others. It make things easier, and it lessens the inevitable pain in life. Knowledge determines destiny.

Mandate Two: Stay physically fit. Take care of and respect your health. Build strength and your moral determination to persist. These actions also build better character and attitude. In your body, you own the only ship in your storms, and that vessel will keep your life afloat. Only your body and mind will take you where you want or need to go in life.

Mandate Three: Help your friends and family and neighbors, because where you live affects you the most, and you can help that place in positive ways—if you choose. Own the right and responsibility to care about, serve, and protect others, especially those in need. We must live here together, or we will all perish alone.

Mandate Four: Stay involved and participate in civic affairs. Exercise the ownership of your rights and privileges, your responsibilities and duties, or else those will all disappear if not maintained with vigilance. When lost they will vanish for everyone and forever. Become peaceful warriors for: justice, fairness, tolerance, and empathy. At the end of everything, leave the better world for those to come after you. Do not let hate and indifference destroy our homes. Forgive the past and the present, or no one will have a future.

Sincerely yours,


Pi Kielty

Thursday, July 27, 2023

Meeting Notes & Minutes, 2nd Annual Candidates & Campaigns Conference, Facilitated by Cepiaclub


2nd Annual Candidates & Campaigns Conference

Hosted by the Libertarian Party of Polk County Members (LPPCM—Wisconsin)

Facilitated by The Cepia Club LLC

July 15, 2023

Meeting Notes & Minutes

Opening: brief introductions, discussed Cepia Club, and Phil Anderson’s history. Meeting goal – discuss strategy over a platform and develop ideas we can use going forward.

Libertarian Party of Polk County Members

Second Annual Candidates & Campaigns Conference Saturday, July 15, 2023, 11:00 AM to 2:30 PM Village Pizzeria, Dresser, WI 54009

Key Topic to Address:

"How can Libertarians build for successful politics and campaign to WIN elections!"

Working discussion subjects:

1) How do Libertarians define successful politics?

Ross – let's Define Success: successful points success is a case that leads to a win in politics.

Notes – at the national level, the Libertarian party there is an issue that some of the party won't move from their ideas( there were a few stories and anecdotes during this point ) Ross further noted that is important to read the room and know who you're speaking.

The libertarian party should be open to ideas and principles and it's important to compromise without moving away from the core values of the Libertarian ideology.

Tim – Being a libertarian outside of just elections, showing those ideas

Turning a person's experience into a strategy. Create a narrative – that can be used to tell a story that clicks emotionally this should lead to a Eureka moment.

Ross – recommends “the man nobody knows” by Bruce Barton This book brings together logic and emotion and went to use them The book uses an allegory to describe Modern Advertising.

Tim and Phil – People are in a type of codependent relationship with the government we need to be there to show them that there's a better option. It's the choose the lesser of two evils mentality we need to be a better option.

Tim – Culture is key and critical

Phil – Some current strategies that didn't work Ron Paul's ending of the Fed was not a winning one ending the FED goes over the head of most of the electorate, largely because it doesn't directly affect them however Paul’s argument for peace was a winning argument That caught people's attention.

Note: How do we bring ending the Fed to people'sattention? This was never covered but brought up.

points summarized

  1. Middle verses division or finding common ground

  2. Educating people this can mean many things from what the libertarian party is about to what we as indevdiuals can do to change the political landscape.

  3. Message and image

  4. Creating an emotional appeal

2) What goal(s) concretely represent success?

Local level –

1) Find someone to run and have an aligned mesage

2) In an area find a good candidate with high numbers higher population means more potential members – its math.

3) Double members both recurrent and new – we fail to retain members and are slow to breing in new members,

3.2) really just double membership, money, and anything else that can be doubled.

4) comradery is key

5) “Get with the Times” – update our media presence – Media has shifted away from the “Big 5” to Youtube, tiktok, twitter etc.

6) 30 second clips on Social media is the “New media” . only showing examples of what happening avoiding any fluff and opinion.

3) As a matter of the practical, identifiable political objective(s) for the Libertarian

Party, how do we match the goal(s) to obtain both?

Tim – Have a libertarian candidate win a race by 2024. Example would be sheriff or distract attorney.

Arin – Media monetization.

Phil – to have a canidate represented on the polls.

Bill – Educate the populace on the mesage of the Libertarian party.

Kay – Strengthen female numbers, participation, and representation (double it).

Lynn – Work to find common ground with those who are interested in the party.

Paul – Do more Salons that can help show the common ground.

Ross – Create oppritunities to discover common ground.

4) As measures, or strategies, to achieve the objective, to fulfill the policy goal(s), where does the Libertarian Party start and how does it end?

Where it ends – the world is free and there is no goverment.

To get there:

Lynn – Government is broken down in a narrow sense: schools are governed at a local level, Universities and medical at the state level Fed at the infurstructure level roads etc.

Paul – finding an image that resonates with the people.

The rest of the group – Non-currupt goverment and reduce goverment size.

5) What actions at the "tip of the spear," i.e. activism, will most effectively maintain the focus on the objectives and achieve the political objective?

Tim – Hand shakes and coffee. Getting out on the ground and meeting with people one on one or in small gatherings as much as possible.

Phil and Ross – persuasive media, hitting the main point(s) efficiently, three times daily. Control the message and always bring it back to you.

Arin and Paul – offer a civil space

6) What format(s) or structure(s) of organization and leadership does the Libertarian Party need to adapt or reject to achieve the objective?

Tim – personal connections, meetings in person over online as much as possible. The structure should be on the work, not the

Phil – Organization should be from the ground up. In-person meetups building from local to the state, not the post above to the ground.

Lynn – the members should do the work – living by example

Paul – The party should be working through civility and common ground. We should be helping people understand its not a wasted vote when voting for any party.

Arin – get across the central mesage

Ross – helped to get to these messages

7) Finally, how can Libertarian Party members, activists, and supporters best carry the example and message of the Libertarian Way, to succeed?

Phil – Cares about how people live their lives – people being allowed to live life to its fullest and toward their full potential. You have to care and it has to show.

Tuesday, April 18, 2023

Space: Possibilities and Ambitions Unlimited: Part II—Dirty Origins


Space: Possibilities and Ambitions Unlimited: Part II—Dirty Origins

By Tim Krenz

April 13, 2023

The early effort to get humanity off the planet and into orbit took the aspect of a competition, the Space Race: A vigorous and hostile, win or lose challenge between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. More so, the military of both countries drove the early competition, pushing the technical agendas and developing the equipment to win the prize. That prize, merely one dimension of the Cold War between the West and the East, held the stakes as the champion of the world as achieved by the winners system of civilization.

In the eyes of that world, the reward of prestige would go to which country, the USA or the USSR, won the minds and imaginations of the rest of humanity. Everything about the early Space Race, though, had a dual dynamic, of either one for launching objects and people into orbital space, or the other for delivering nuclear weapons against its adversary.

Both the American and the Soviet military captured two valuable assets at the end of the Second World War. Into their hands, these presumed allies obtained both the records, materials, instruments, and models of the German rocket program, the program that Germany’s Adolf Hitler hoped would become his wonder weapons of magic to reverse his ailing fortunes in his lost war. And, secondly, and more importantly, both the emerging Cold War rivals in the immediate post-war period captured numerous German scientists, some of them bona fide Nazi Party devotees. Some histories may say that one side or the other got more of or the better of one German asset as opposed to the other. Allowing this as only immaterial propaganda, both the Americans and the Soviets captured, and put to work, plenty of all the confiscated German scientist, engineers, documents, and equipment.

Among the most famous of the German scientists, Wernher von Braun, the genius behind Hitler;’s rocket program, found refuge with his invaluable skills in the service to the United States. Hitler’s most successful rocket, designated the A-4, also known as the V-2 (V stood for “Vengeance Weapon,” or Vergeltungswaffen”), a true guided ballistic missile, produced von Braun’s penultimate tribute for Nazi power. Once they got into the possession of the Americans and the Soviets they became the basis for nearly all early post-war research and experiments. For the rest of his life, as an American space program designer, von Braun received deserved questions and suspicions by the press and human rights advocates for his wartime help to Hitler and the Nazis. In the last years of the war, especially as Germany produced A-4/V-2 systems on an industrial scale, the German rocket program functioned and achieved tactical success by the benefit of slave labor, particularly by Jewish concentration camp inmates.

Many of the details of the Soviet rocket program remained cloaked, but it also benefited from scientist with similar stripes as von Braun. Due to the closed, police-state nature of the Soviet Union’s social system, the Soviets did not voice or allow qualms about their German scientists. They probably just did not care, in light of their need for technical achievements.

If American rocketry had its prime author and spirit in the early 20th Century work of Robert Goddard, it compromised the naivete of rocket politics with von Braun and his war refugee associates.. And in the politics of the matter, the birth of the bigger rockets following the A-4/V-2 gave animated life to the larger Cold War. In the 1950s, with the US Army, the US Navy, and the US Air Force all developing rocket systems for the first truly Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles (ICBMs, or the SLBMs, for the Submarine-launched variety), rockets became fashionable language in the vocabulary of both the professional military and the civilian defense intellectuals.

Along with programs like the US Air Force’s under General Bernard Schriever, mirroring similar Soviet efforts, to build the big missiles capable of carrying the big nuclear weapons, a Cold War language and logic foreign to the ways of peace developed. The new words and arguments, syllogisms for doomsday or avoiding it, took the form of: “Throw-weight,” for how many megatons of destruction could the missile deliver; “circular error of probability” (CEP), or how close can the warhead hit the target(?); “deterrence,” what stops each side from starting the final Armageddon; “Counter-force strategy,” attacking the enemy nuclear weapons in a first, devastating surprise strike, to disable them; “City Busting,” hitting the enemy cities, since no useful military targets remain, as retaliation for a surprise attack’s success. And the final delusive definition in the logic of hopeless futures: “MAD,” meaning “mutual assured destruction”--if anyone started a nuclear war, it would destroy both the attacker and the defender completely, in the finale.

Multitudes of rockets became vogue, more glamorous than the lakes of fire and brimstone they carried as nuclear weapons. At least rockets could have a scientific, peaceful use, even if in a competitive aspect of the Cold War. From the Jupiter missiles, and the Thor and the Titan missiles/rockets, to the purely military variety of missile weapons like the Minuteman series (I-III), and the Polaris (an SLBM variety)--all of the late 1950s design and development—the next levels in the science of the Space Race advanced. But space, not war, appealed to the world public. For Americans, it first, though, had to scare them into intelligent action.

On October 4, 1957, and building on their own military and related research, the Soviets surpassed their early experiments and successes (like the SS-1, designated “Scud A”) in the post-war race. On that autumn day, the Soviet Union successfully launched and placed into a low elliptical Earth orbit the first known human-made satellite. They called it Sputnik (a name inferred as meaning “Fellow Traveler,” in rough translation, or “Co-wayfarer”). This satellite flew overhead, over any nations in its trajectory, ignoring the rights of sovereign territory or protected airspace. It accidentally set a new legal precedent in international law, by incidentally orbiting anywhere. Sputnik emitted a radio signal, and its “beep-beep” galvanized a Soviet psychological victory in the eyes of the world.

For a well-deserved and tremendous achievement in engineering applications, the Soviet civilization took the credit, rightly, and espoused their belief in the tenets of Marxist-Leninist science. Sputnik impressed the world, and gave Soviet Premier Nikita Krushchev posh and credibility when he told the world that Soviet-led block would conquer humanity’s future. Besides the purely propaganda advantages for the Soviet Union, Sputnik proved to US President Dwight D. Eisenhower and everyone else that if the Soviets could put a small satellite into orbit, they could also drop nuclear weapons the same way. Time in the Space Race and in the Cold War, to develop ballistic missiles carrying weapons, became absolutely a critical factor.

US satellites followed, including military intelligence and communications space vehicles. Yet, while the entire world worried about Soviet war-making rocket policies and threats with “missile diplomacy,” Eisenhower took two more discrete, and more important moves on the solar system game board. First, Eisenhower got the US Congress to fund a budget for a revolutionary education program, one that focused on building the nation’s abilities to produce graduates in the areas of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM). That policy became a game changer in every way for the duration of the Cold War, even as soon as the next decade, and especially for the Space Race.

Secondly, except for the unified military space programs, almost largely unknown and secret still six decades later, Eisenhower consolidated the rest of the US space effort in a part-civilian, AND a part-military National Aeronautics & Space Administration. At least for both the pure research and the purely practical aspects of America’s public space program, Eisenhower put a less war-like moniker on the history books. While the dual purpose programs ran, and still run, dividing the military and the civilian programs put a human face on the latter. The secret military programs continued, and still operate, mostly with a mask, a veil, and a blindfold all at once.

Moving from the Army payroll to head a section of NASA’s rocket research and development, Wernher von Braun became a very public face for the American space programs. Despite his denials of his sketchy history working either FOR or AS a Nazi (NO one really knows, only the US Government), Braun’s vision for space reflected the other contemporary visionaries or the ones that came before him—whether American, British, or Russian, etc. To prove humanity’s worth, it needed to conquer space, and do so with a resounding achievement. Whether of dreams, nightmares, reality, or chimera, the future of humanity in space, like this narrative, continues to unfold.

Tuesday, February 14, 2023

Space: Possibilities and Ambitions Unlimited: Part I—Missed Opportunity

 Space: Possibilities and Ambitions Unlimited: Part I—Missed Opportunity

By Tim Krenz

In recorded history, whether by archaeological or written accounts, humanity has always thought and dreamed beyond the practical limits of the circumstances of survival. We need our imagination, as well as sleeping dreams, to balance current demands with the subconscious desire to expand beyond the drudgery of working today in order to live slightly better tomorrow. Looking up to the sky, those dreamy heavens of stars and wonder, we might not know who, how or what invented us or the universe; nor do we know what or when fate awaits us in it. But we can assume that as long as humans have lived on earth, some men and women of imagination and in their dreams have speculated on the immensity above and the limitless possibilities of what we can know and do down here, and up there.

With these things apparent, humanity’s short history and long-term future inevitably rapture themselves in the bigger questions of the universe. Discounting the theological and eschatological arguments of beginnings and endings, the other questions persistently enlarge and require more research, experiment, testing, and result. Even if humanity and its future in the “really big place” we call the universe finds no truly definitive answers, the expansion of knowledge, capabilities, plans, and achievements for bettering human existence will go on into the future, as it applies to life on earth and humanity in outer space.

Looking back on the last one hundred years, the world had emerged from the First World War and the global failure to avoid avoidable mistakes in politics and culture. Even in the prosperity of the 1920s, the impact of losses that war incurred by humanity’s inconceivable cruelty to each other killed away a generation of hopes, intellect, potential geniuses. These people the world could have better used alive, to live in peace and prosperity. The number of doctors, scientists, even artists, and entrepreneurs lost with their potential to help the world (or hurt it more, in balanced honesty), still has not exactly redeemed itself. Yet, hopes and dreams of people like Jules Verne from the 19th Century, or the insights and horrors of H.G. Wells, remained inspirations to the select who believed humanity could go to the space above the earth. An American inventor, Robert Goddard, began and continued his critical early work on ballistic rocketry. And a conflicted and soon-controversial man of genius and talent, the German Wernher von Braun began to see his definitive visions for exploring above the atmosphere take practical shape and experiment in the 1930s. Whether professionals or lay people, people working in laboratories, or in social clubs—from Russia, Germany, England and the United States, thinkers and dreamers everywhere began to assemble and implement the vital ingredients and recipes necessary to someday get men (not women at the time) off the earth and into space orbit and beyond.

When, at the end of the 1930s, the mistakes made at the end of the last war paid a diabolical interest on the principle of errors, propelling humanity into another and more destructive conflict, the Second World War. It would become a war even more intensive and deadly, from the contributions that science, technology, engineering, and mathematics applied to make and use weapons of more power and lethal. An evil genius revival for ill took place in order to kill and destroy on scales far grander than ever seen before in history. Even so, the tools that people invented to peacefully put man in space—someday in the future—became instruments of terror and doom.

Using the support of the Nazi state, Dr. Wernher von Braun headed the technical portion of rocket and ballistic missile research for the German Army, to produce a missile, eventually the Aggregat (A)-4, later re-designated the V-2, (for “Vergeltungswaffe,” meaning roughly “revenge weapon” in German). Along with Luftwaffe’s V-1 rocket-motored cruise missile, Germany used thousands of these vengeance weapons in the final 11 months of the Second World War in Europe against Allied cities, ports, and other targets. With rather primitive guidance systems on this generation of rockets, and because of restricted conventional weapons payloads, (the V-2 carried roughly a ton of high explosives), the weapons had little practical tactical impact in the war. Even considering it as a strategic psychological weapon, it mostly served as an operational diversion. In terms of political policy, however, it created significant possibilities. Assuming material and other forthcoming technical improvements and advances, as research and development would undoubtedly achieve, warfare in the missile age put anywhere on the globe at risk of long-distance attack and at increasingly shorter times. What honestly started as a thought and a dream for peaceful attempts to put humanity toward a greater goal, suddenly became instruments of Armageddon, once the technology for another new weapon of science, nuclear bombs, made those feasible to combine them with rockets.

As with politics at the end of the Second World War, humanity stood at a possible threshold and turning point, if not the most critical one so far in history. What happened?

In politics, the world in the last years of the 1940 and through most of the 1950s very well needed to come to terms with its sins, to find some accommodation to end wars and take care of its people, and to take care of the only planet it has on which to live. Instead of giving the people peace and amity, political and economic elites reaped their bitter fruits and relapsed into fear and greed. They produced a cold war, and repeated similar mistakes committed at the end of the First World War.

On the same coin, at the end of the second war, scientists had cracked the codes to orbital ballistics, and made space travel theoretically reachable, and had invented nuclear power, making cheap energy obtainable. Those two achievements could have combined to put humanity into a space age, earlier, better, fuller, and with better consequences for everyone and the earth. A Space Civilization might even have put humanity at more, if not complete, peaceful coexistence. No one will know, though. When history and humankind reach thresholds and turning points, decisions can get made wrongly, and events then have irreversible and irrevocable consequences. Instead of rockets and nuclear power for space and peace, leaders produced political division backed by rockets and nuclear power created into thermonuclear ballistic weapons, at unimaginable financial costs, the dividends of which could eventually end all life on earth.

But the story of “Space: Possibilities and Ambitions Unlimited” continues….see the next part coming soon.